Travel and transport trends for Dublin

Public Transport Usage

Public transport is a key mode of travel in the city and has been growing across bus, train and Luas over the past decade, with the exception of Bus Eireann which remains relatively stable. As the city grows, along with the need to address climate change, these modes need to continue to expand, along with cycling and walking.

The chart shows how the COVID-19 pandemic greatly reduced the number of trips being taken in 2020.

39.5 Million

trips were taken on Dublin Bus in the last quarter of 2019

Dublin Bikes

Just Eat dublinbikes is a self-service bike rental system open to everyone from 14 years of age. Users can travel through the city centre, commute between home and work and get out and about to enjoy Dublin City at their leisure. Visit the Dublin Bikes website for more information

The chart shows the general trend of bikes availability for the past day, week and month- click on a button to move between views

Traffic Counters

Transport Infrastructure Ireland (TII) maintains traffic sensors along motorways to count the number of vehicles. Vehicle sensors help track changes in road usage over time and estimate traffic volumes. This data is released as a yearly average daily number of vehicles.

Use the map to compare the Daily Vehicle Count at sensors around the M50 over the past 6 months, up to the latest data available. Click on a car icon to open a summary popup chart

Explore the sensors placed throughout Dublin to monitor environmental conditions, and charts presenting historical statistics collected on various environmental factors.

Noise Level Monitoring Sites

Dublin City Council monitors ambient sound levels at 15 locations throughout the city.

Sound is represented in decibels (dB) which measure the amount of sound perceived by humans. Normal conversation is measured at around 60 dB, vacuum cleaners at about 70 dB and a food blender at around 80 dB.

Click on a map icon to see the name of the site, and the latest readings measured there.

Housing trends for Dublin, highlighting affordability and housing supply


House Prices

Over the past decade property prices initally fell following the financial crash of 2008, then exhibitied a period of recovery. This chart shows mean and median house prices nationally ("All") and across the four Dublin local authorities for each month since the beginning of 2010.


Property Price Index

When comparing house price figures from one period to another, it should be noted that changes in the mix of dwellings for sale (houses vs apartments, number of bedrooms) has an effect. The CSO monthly residential property price index (RPPI) shown here gives the average property price change specific to houses or apartments. It is generated monthly from a baseline of 100 (the red line), established in 2015.


Monthly Rent Prices for Private Dwellings

The 'Rent price' tab shows the average monthly rent being paid in a selection of Dublin areas since 2008, compared with the Dublin average. This average, across all property types, fell in the wake of the financial crash, before rising steadily, so that it is now back above the peak of a decade ago. The 'By no. of bedrooms' tab shows standardised rent broken down by the number of bedrooms for the data available. A decline in some categories of accomodation is visible towards the end of 2019.


Quarterly New Dwelling Completions by Type

The chart shows the house unit completion data for each of the Dublin local authorities, categorised by type of dwelling as

  • 'House': a single house build
  • 'Scheme': house build as part of a scheme
  • 'Apartment': an apartment completion.

The impact of the pandemic in 2020 can be seen, but there are signs of a recovery in quarter 3.

Economic trends for Dublin, highlighting employment patterns.


Persons aged 15 and over in the labour force

These charts show the employment data for the recent time period following the 2008 financial crisis. As shown in the first chart, the number of persons employed generally increased in Dublin since 2012, but 2020 has seen a significant reduction. The second chart gives the rate of participation in labour (a measure of the employment rate) from the International Labour Organisation (ILO).


Unemployed persons aged 15 or over

These charts show the unemployment data for the time period following the 2008 financial crisis. As shown in the first chart, the number of persons unemployed trended generally downwards in Dublin since 2012, but 2020 has seen a significant rise. The second chart gives the unemployment rate from the International Labour Organisation (ILO).

Employment by Sector

Employment in Dublin is split across a broad range of sectors, with services in both the public and private sector dominating. These have also experienced the most growth in employment in line with administering a growing population and Dublin’s role in the domestic and global economy.


Number of Employees by Size of Company

Businesses in Dublin are varied in their size and number of employees. In 2017, most people, 344,000 work for 365 large enterprises, with the rest working for small-to-medium sized businesses. In the same year there were 79,900 businesses that employed between 1 and 10 people, many of them sole enterprises given that they employed 119,000 people in total. Persons engaged are the sum of employees plus working proprietors and employed family members.


Gross Value Added per Person at Basic Prices

Gross value added (GVA) is the value generated in a region by any unit engaged in the production of goods and services across 37 sectors of the economy. It differs from household income principally in that company profits are included in GVA, whereas they are not included in household income. GVA in Dublin is exaggerated due to the large number of people commuting to work into the county from adjoining counties, hence why it is much higher than the state value. Since 2000, it has more than doubled.

Dublin Airport Passengers Arrival Numbers

Passengers arriving into Dublin Airport declined post the 2008 financial crisis. With the recoveries in the domestic economy and international tourism from 2012 onwards, numbers steadily increased from 4.72 million in quarter 1 2012 to a peak of 8.19 million in quarter 4 2019. The second quarter of 2020 saw the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic however, with a dramatic decline to about 160,000 passengers arriving at the airport.

Dublin Port Tonnage

Dublin Port is a key site for the import and export of goods in and out of Ireland. After a reduction in the wake of the 2008 financial crash, total trade increased to a peak 9.7 million tonnes in quarter 1 of 2019. The impact of COVID-19 is clearly seen in quarter 2 of 2020, with a reduction of nearly 15% on the preious quarter.

Consistently, more goods enter the country than leave. In Q1 2019, 5.8 million tonnes were imported and 3.9 exported.

Data about pupil numbers at Dublin schools


Pupil Numbers

As demographics change through child-birth and migration, the number of children entering the education system shifts. Since 2005, the numbers of children attending primary schools has grown. This is particularly the case for Fingal and South Dublin, which have experienced strong household growth. In the same period, secondary school numbers are relatively static.

These charts from the CSO show the numbers of primary and secondary school pupils across the four Dublin local authorities

Statistical data relating to the population and particular groups within it


Population of Dublin

The population of Dublin county has grown steadily in the past 100 years, as recorded in the censuses carried out every five years. This growth is a result of natural increase, but is driven in particular by internal national migration and international migration. The city has long had slightly more females than males, largely a function of a difference in average age of death.


Households in Dublin

The number of households in Dublin has grown with the rise of population, but at an increased pace given a shrinkage in the average size of household. While the Dublin City Council area has had a sizeable growth in households since 1986, the growth in Fingal is more dramatic, over doubling its number of households.


Population Born Outside the State

Just over a million people living in the state were born outside of Ireland (17.3%) at the time of the last census in 2016. In Dublin 330,000 people were born elsewhere. The rate nationally and in Dublin has been growing since 1996, coinciding with the Celtic Tiger growth in the economy and labour market. The result is the city has become increasingly cosmopolitan.

The chart excludes members of the population born in Northern Ireland