Travel and transport trends for Dublin

Public Transport Usage

Public transport is a key mode of travel in the city and has been growing across bus, train and Luas over the past decade, with the exception of Bus Eireann which remains relatively stable. As the city grows, along with the need to address climate change, these modes need to continue to expand, along with cycling and walking.

39.5 Million

trips were taken on Dublin Bus in the last quarter of 2019

Dublin Bikes

Just Eat dublinbikes is a self-service bike rental system open to everyone from 14 years of age. Users can travel through the city centre, commute between home and work and get out and about to enjoy Dublin City at their leisure. Visit the Dublin Bikes website for more information

The chart shows the general trend of bikes availability for the past day, week and month- click on a button to move between views

Traffic Counters

Transport Infrastructure Ireland (TII) maintains traffic sensors along motorways to count the number of vehicles. Vehicle sensors help track changes in road usage over time and estimate traffic volumes. This data is released as a yearly average daily number of vehicles.

Use the map to compare the Daily Vehicle Count at sensors around the M50 over the past 6 months, up to the latest data available. Click on a car icon to open a summary popup chart

Explore the sensors placed throughout Dublin to monitor environmental conditions, and charts presenting historical statistics collected on various environmental factors.

Noise Level Monitoring Sites

Dublin City Council monitors ambient sound levels at 15 locations throughout the city.

Sound is represented in decibels (dB) which measure the amount of sound perceived by humans. Normal conversation is measured at around 60 dB, vacuum cleaners at about 70 dB and a food blender at around 80 dB.

Click on a map icon to see the name of the site, and the latest readings measured there.

Water Monitoring Sites

Two sources, the Office of Public Works (OPW) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), monitor water levels and flows along Dublin’s rivers, canals, and coastline. Use the buttons to switch between the OPW water level monitoring sites and the EPA Hydronet system sites.

Click a map icon to get information for that location

Housing trends for Dublin, highlighting affordability and housing supply


House Prices

Over the past decade property prices initally fell following the financial crash of 2008, then exhibitied a period of recovery. This chart shows mean and median house prices nationally ("All") and across the four Dublin local authorities for each month since the beginning of 2010.


Property Price Index

When comparing house price figures from one period to another, it should be noted that changes in the mix of dwellings for sale (houses vs apartments, number of bedrooms) has an effect. The CSO monthly residential property price index (RPPI) shown here gives the average property price change specific to houses, from a baseline of 100 established in 2015.


Monthly Rent Prices for Private Dwellings

The 'Rent price' tab shows the average monthly rent being paid in Dublin since 2008. This price fell in the wake of the financial crash, before rising steadily, so that it is now back above the peak of a decade ago. The 'By no. of bedrooms' tab shows standardised rent broken down by the number of bedrooms for the data available. A decline in some categories of accomodation is visible towards the end of 2019.


Quarterly New Dwelling Completions by Type

The chart shows the house unit completion data for each of the Dublin local authorities, categorised by type of dwelling as

  • 'House': a single house build
  • 'Scheme': house build as part of a scheme
  • 'Apartment': an apartment completion.

Economic trends for Dublin, highlighting employment patterns.


Persons aged 15 and over in the labour force

Employment grew steadily throughout the Celtic Tiger period up until 2007, then fell in the wake of the financial crash, recovering after 2012 as the economy started to grow again. The pattern in Dublin mirrored that of the rest of the country.


Unemployed persons aged 15 or over

From 2000 to 2008 the unemployment rate in Ireland and Dublin was between 4 and 5 percent. As the financial crisis hit, the unemployment rate rose steadily to reach 15 percent nationally and 13 percent in Dublin. From the end of 2012 as the economy recovered it fell steadily.

Employment by Sector

Employment in Dublin is split across a broad range of sectors, with services in both the public and private sector dominating. These have also experienced the most growth in employment in line with administering a growing population and Dublin’s role in the domestic and global economy.


Number of Employees by Size of Company

Businesses in Dublin are varied in their size and number of employees. In 2017, most people, 344,000 work for 365 large enterprises, with the rest working for small-to-medium sized businesses. In the same year there were 79,900 businesses that employed between 1 and 10 people, many of them sole enterprises given that they employed 119,000 people in total. Persons engaged are the sum of employees plus working proprietors and employed family members.


Gross Value Added per Person at Basic Prices

Gross value added (GVA) is the value generated in a region by any unit engaged in the production of goods and services across 37 sectors of the economy. It differs from household income principally in that company profits are included in GVA, whereas they are not included in household income. GVA in Dublin is exaggerated due to the large number of people commuting to work into the county from adjoining counties, hence why it is much higher than the state value. Since 2000, it has more than doubled.

Dublin Airport Passengers Arrival Numbers

Arrival passengers to Dublin Airport declined post the 2008 financial crisis. With the recovery in the domestic economy and in international tourism, the numbers have steadily increased up until the Covid-19 pandemic, rising from 4.72m in Q1 2012 to 8.25m in Q3 2019

Dublin Port Tonnage

Dublin Port is a key site for the import and export of goods in and out of Ireland. After a reduction in the wake of the 2008 financial crash, total trade has increased to 9.75m tonnes in Q1 2019. Consistently, more goods enter the country than leave. In Q1 2019, 5.8m tonnes were imported and 3.9 exported.

Data about pupil numbers at Dublin schools


Pupil Numbers

As demographics change through child-birth and migration, the number of children entering the education system shifts. Since 2005, the numbers of children attending primary schools has grown. This is particularly the case for Fingal and South Dublin, which have experienced strong household growth. In the same period, secondary school numbers are relatively static.

These charts from the CSO show the numbers of primary and secondary school pupils across the four Dublin local authorities

Statistical data relating to the population and particular groups within it


Population of Dublin

The population of Dublin county has grown steadily in the past 100 years, as recorded in the censuses carried out every five years. This growth is a result of natural increase, but is driven in particular by internal national migration and international migration. The city has long had slightly more females than males, largely a function of a difference in average age of death.


Households in Dublin

The number of households in Dublin has grown with the rise of population, but at an increased pace given a shrinkage in the average size of household. While the Dublin City Council area has had a sizeable growth in households since 1986, the growth in Fingal is more dramatic, over doubling its number of households.


Population Born Outside the State

Just over a million people living in the state were born outside of Ireland (17.3%) at the time of the last census in 2016. In Dublin 330,000 people were born elsewhere. The rate nationally and in Dublin has been growing since 1996, coinciding with the Celtic Tiger growth in the economy and labour market. The result is the city has become increasingly cosmopolitan.

The chart excludes members of the population born in Northern Ireland


Households by Number of Persons (2016)

This chart from the 2016 census shows the number of private permanent households with a given number of persons resident. It is broken down for the four Dublin local authorities

It can show us that, for example, the majority of properties in the Dublin city center region have 1 or 2 occupants, whereas the outer locales have a broader spread of household composition